Exchange of Good Practices: Feedback from the Mobility Catalogue Course
Dr. Neang Malyne. Royal University of Agriculture, Cambodia
Nowadays, University studies in Cambodia would need to solve certain challenges and improve the system capacity of the Cambodian University before implementing the PhD Programs.
In a global context, we are explained about the structures and characteristics academics of the three European Universities: Nantes University, Denmark University and Vigo University. Nevertheless, in a more concrete context, we are showed in more details about each Doctorate Programs: requirements, characteristics, and research activities which are an integral part of the projects.
In accordance with the current Cambodian Academic System, the conclusion of Dr. Malyne is that the Doctoral Program of The University of Vigo is more suitable for Cambodian country. This conclusion is based on the structure of Vigo PhD Program is easier and more dynamic than the other European Universities for the implantation.
Roundtable 1: European experience
Doctoral Schools in Nantes. The DEGEST Example
Dr. Jean-Christophe Barbato. University of Nantes, France
The Doctoral Studies in the University of Nantes and the DEGEST Doctoral School are presented in this session. The University of Nantes has 11 Doctoral schools with 1250 PhD students and an average of 226 thesis defended per year. To study a PhD it is an opportunity to become a recognized specialist in a field, a possibility of developing a deep personal reflection and it means getting the highest level of qualification. Nevertheless, it is not an easy road. It takes time for developing a personal thinking; the student must have regular work, never stop learning, and it is important to avoid falling alone. In this sense, a Doctoral School organizes PhD students meetings, provides training sessions and tries to solve any problem during the PhD process.
The DEGEST is a Doctoral School of the universities of Nantes, Angers and Maine. It focuses on 5 disciplines -Law, Economics, Management, Geography and Sociology-, has 9 research laboratories and 2 associated research laboratories. They have about 430 students and around 50 PhD theses are defended each year. Among the activities that the DEGEST Doctoral School performs, it individually welcomes the PhD students at the time of registration, supervises the PhD progress through a thesis committee and provides financial support for the organization of the PhD defense.
Workshop on Higher Education structure strengthening: Experience from Denmark
Dr. Niels Vestergaard. Southern Denmark University, Denmark
This presentation is an explication about the PhD Schools in the University of Southern Denmark. In general, we are shown the purpose, organizational framework, the composition and the management of these institutions.
The PhD Program in the University of Southern Denmark has an objective to train PhD students -who usually receive a scholarship for doing the PhD program- at an international level. This PhD School offers programmes in Business Economics, Journalism, Law, Social Science, Political Science and Economics.
Each PhD student is assigned a main supervisor who is responsible for research activities, planning and guidance for his/her students. Doctoral studies usually last 3 years, in which the PhD must be evaluated by Doctorate School. The thesis doctoral must achieve international standards and will be assessed by an experts committee.
In recent years, the number of PhD candidates has increased. One possible reason for this can be the high percentage of employment after they finish the research line.
DOMar PhD Program
Dr. Elsa Vázquez Otero. University of Vigo, Spain
The DOMar is an international PhD Program in the Marine Science, Technology and Management. It is a joint program managed between 7 universities and 2 research institutions from two countries, Spain and Portugal. The University of Vigo is the coordinator of this partnership, which focuses on the Euroregion of Galicia (northern Spain) and the North of Portugal. The program aims to train and prepare the best professionals and researchers in the marine field and tries to increase the number of PhD thesis in the Euroregion. The internationality is an important issue for DOMar, promoting the exchange of students, lecturers and researchers with other universities and attracting the best national and international students.
DOMar is a multidisciplinary program with around 215 students from different degrees, from Biology or Chemistry to Economics, History or Electronic Engineering. To organize this heterogeneity, there are four different clusters in the program: Ocean observation and global change; Sustainable use of marine resources; Integrate management of the sea; and Technological progress, engineering and business management. Since its beginning in 2012, 25 thesis have been defended. The enrolment process, the formative activities that the students have to perform and the requirements to the PhD defense are presented. The special system to teach the doctoral courses, through a videoconference infrastructure, is highlighted as one of its strong points.
University Research Schools in France
Dr. Murat Yildizoglu. University of Bordeaux, France
In this presentation, Dr. Murat explains the guidance of the research schools in France, and more specifically- the program of doctorate in the Bordeaux University. The organization system -in this European Country- is more complicated than the other European Universities. Although, it is not compulsory to do the research line to be able to teach.
Master Degree is necessary to can be a PhD Candidate. The process is 3 years, in which the student gets values and abilities until he/she becomes an expert.
The Doctorate Program in France is based on an innovative, multi-modular learning strategy. This is quite reformer for learning and developing ability in economics. For this, there are 5 modules which provide different levels of competencies. The idea is a “progressive graduate”, progressive acquisition of new competencies for research and professional expertise.
Also, It´s important to mention that there are many partners in and out of University: public and private partners in collaboration with doctoral schools.
Please watch the video of this roundtable session below: